Understanding Melasma and Its Impact on Skin Health

Melasma before and after treatment at derm of CT

What is melasma?

Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by the development of brown or gray-brown patches, typically on the face. These patches often occur on areas of the skin that are frequently exposed to the sun, such as the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip. Melasma doesn’t cause any other symptoms besides the visible skin discoloration.

The exact cause of melasma is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic factors, hormonal changes, and sun exposure. Hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy, birth control pills, and hormone therapy, can trigger or worsen melasma in susceptible individuals. The condition is more common in women than in men.

How do I treat melasma?

Treatment for melasma involves sun protection measures, such as the use of broad-spectrum sunscreen (SPF of 30 or higher), wearing a wide brimmed hat and wearing protective clothing. Sun protection measures is crucial for preventing recurrences and maintaining treatment effectiveness. In addition, non-prescription preparations containing botanical and natural lightening agents maybe used in mild cases.

It’s important to consult with a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and to determine the most appropriate treatment plan based on individual circumstances.

Visit our website to learn more about treating melasma.

For more information on treatments, schedule an appointment on our website or give our office a call at 203-538-5682